The cities are becoming a place for challenges that we must face: they are more and more populous and with growing population density. New scenarios are required, based on urban sustainable development and other radical changes, in the Smart City perspective.
But what is Smart City?
The concept of Smart City, proposed in Rio de Janeiro in order to implement technologies to improve the quality of life of citizens, takes on ever greater importance and brings many innovations.
Smart City is an “intelligent city” that uses technologies efficiently to improve the quality of life of its citizens and the services offered, to promote environmental sustainability, to optimize resources, to improve mobility and urban security, to collect, interpret, enhance and share data with citizens, for the possibility of spreading information in real time.
“A city is smart when it guarantees a more satisfying daily life.”
How is technology used to reach the goals of the Smart City?
The Smart City uses platforms and infrastructures, set up by IoT sensors located throughout the city, applications, open data and social networks to collect all the necessary data. The acquired information is reprocessed to allow a better detection of problems, making decisions, defining strategies and finding solutions very fast.
What is the innovation of the Smart City and how could it change citizens’ lives?
Imagine being able to have safe, earthquake-proof houses, equipped with automatic systems to reduce consumption and prevent domestic accidents.
Also think of a revolution in food production, with greenhouses on the roofs of the buildings and gardens on the balconies.
Waste management could also be optimized by equipping bins with sensors that can send signals when they are full.
City that economize
Imagine the presence of special motion sensors for smart street lamps that light up only when vehicles or pedestrians pass, to save energy. The irrigation of parks and gardens could be optimized, improving water management, by measuring the amount of water needed and the losses.
Reduce traffic flow
Planning public transport based on the real influx of people is certainly a way to take into account the needs of the citizens. Getting timely information on the free parking available spaces could certainly allow many people to save time and reduce stress.
Sharing of the cultural heritage
Think about the possibility of digitizing and making available in web museum patrimony, texts, books and masterpieces of all libraries and in all languages.
Smart solutions are a lot, and many of them are already used in Italian cities, incorporated into small daily gestures.